Cuadro de texto:

Dra. Lupita Lewgot

Cardiologist  - Internal Medicine

Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiology Test

Hypertension

Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. Hypertension is a term used to describe high blood pressure. Many factors can affect blood pressure, including:

Much water and salt in the body has one

The condition of your kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels levels of different hormones in the body

SYNCOPE

It is a brief loss of consciousness due to decreased blood flow to the brain. The episode lasts less than a couple of minutes and you recover quickly and completely. The medical term for fainting is syncope.

When you faint, you not only lose consciousness, but also lost muscle tone and color on the face. Before fainting, you may also feel weak or nauseated and feel that is constricting vision (tunnel vision) or that noises are fading into the background

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Myocardial Infarction

 

It occurs when blood flow to part of the heart is blocked for a time sufficient for that part of the myocardium suffers damage or die time. The medical term for this is myocardial infarction.

Most heart attacks are caused by a clot that blocks one of the coronary arteries, which carry blood and oxygen to the heart. If the blood flow is blocked, the heart starves for oxygen and heart cells die.

A hard substance called plaque, which is made up of cholesterol and other cells can build up in the walls of the coronary arteries

Echocardiogram

 

It is a test that uses sound waves to create a moving picture of the heart. The picture is much more detailed than a plain x-ray and does not involve exposure to radiation. This test is performed to evaluate the valves and chambers of the heart in a noninvasive way.

 

Echocardiography allows doctors to diagnose, assess and monitor: abnormal heart valves, atrial fibrillation, congenital heart disease, myocardial damage in patients who have had heart attacks, cardiac murmurs, Infection in the sac around the heart, infection in or around the heart valves (infectious endocarditis), Pulmonary Hypertension, the pumping function of the heart for people with heart failure, the source of a blood clot or emboli after a stroke or transient ischemic attack

Stress Test

 

It is a screening tool to assess the effect of exercise on the heart.

The reasons can perform a stress test include: You are having chest pain (to evaluate coronary artery disease: a narrowing of the arteries that supply the myocardium), Your angina is getting worse or is happening more frequently.

You have had a heart attack, I have done a angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery, you are going to start an exercise program and have heart disease or certain risk factors such as diabetes.

To identify heart rhythm changes that may occur during the year, to assess heart valve problem

Monitor Holter

It is a machine that records the heart rates continuously and typically worn for 24 to 48 hours during normal activity.

The Holter monitor is used to determine how the heart responds to normal activity. The monitor can also be used:

After a heart attack

To diagnose heart rhythm problems

When starting a new heart medicine

It may also be used to diagnose atrial Atrial fibrillation, multifocal atrial tachycardia, palpitations, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, Reasons for fainting, slow heart rate (bradycardia), ventricular tachycardia

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